Geography

Key Stage 3

Information

Geography is taught by an enthusiastic and dedicated team. Students learn about a wide variety of physical, human and environmental geographical themes following the National Curriculum programme of study.

Year 7

1: Atlas skills: countries and continents; regions; latitude and longitude.
2: Rivers and flooding: the River Severn; river landforms; flood management.
3: Map skills and the British Isles: symbols; grid references; direction; scale; the physical and human Geography of the British Isles.
4: Cold Environments: the 1953 ascent of Mount Everest; ice sheets and glaciers; Antarctica, the 1911 race to the South Pole and the Antarctic Treaty.
5: Settlement: the development of Ruislip; the world's biggest cities.
6: Coasts: coastal processes; coastal erosion and deposition landforms; Dorset's World Heritage status coastline.
7: Ecosystems: savanna; deserts; forests.

Year 8

1: The structure of the Earth and volcanic hazards: examples from Iceland, the Philippines, the USA and the Caribbean.
2: Earthquake hazards: how they are caused; how humans try to limit the effects; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
3: Japan: physical and human features; how it has developed to become one of the world’s richest countries.
4: World population: 7 billion and counting; which countries have the most and least people and why?
5: Energy and resources: fossil fuels and sustainable energy; the Hoover Dam story.
6: Weather and climate: factors affecting our climate; forecasting; climate change.
7: Europe: the names and capital cities of Europe’s 48 countries; key physical features; the European Union.

Year 9

1: Development: why countries are considered more or less developed; issues facing less developed countries such as rural-urban migration and shanty towns.
2: Brazil and South America: the physical and human geography of the continent, with a focus on Brazil.
3: Globalisation: reasons for globalisation; why companies such as Nike operate globally; the positives and negatives of globalisation.
4: Sport: the globalisation of sport; stadium location factors; Olympic Games legacies.
5: Crime: how the police use Geographical information and maps.6: Geographical conflicts: the Falkland Islands; the Middle East; oil spills; Northern Ireland; Heathrow’s third runway plans; HS2.
7: Tourism: UK tourism and national parks; global tourism development.

Key Stage 4

Information

Geography is a popular GCSE option. We follow the AQA exam board’s Syllabus A specification. There is residential field trip to Swanage in Year 10, which all students are expected to attend if possible.

Year 10

1: Water on the Land: How rivers change from source to mouth. Landforms created by river erosion, transportation and deposition. Factors affecting river discharge and flooding. Understanding flood hydrographs. How flooding affects richer and poorer countries differently. Flood management using hard and soft engineering approaches. Meeting the demand for water supply in the UK.
2: The Restless Earth: How and why the Earth’s crust is unstable. Tectonic plate boundary processes and landforms. How humans use and live in fold mountains. The causes and effects of volcanic eruptions. Prediction and management of volcanic eruptions. The causes and effects of earthquakes. The measurement of earthquakes using the Richter and Mercalli scales. How earthquakes affect richer and poorer countries differently. Earthquake preparation, protection and prediction. The causes, effects and responses of tsunamis.
3: Changing Urban Environments: The pace and causes of urbanisation in more and less developed countries. Urban land use and change. Issues facing urban areas in richer parts of the world: improving CBDs and inner cities, traffic, managing the cultural mix. Issues facing urban areas in poorer parts of the world: squatter settlements, environmental challenges such as pollution and waste management. Examples of sustainable urban living.
4: The Coastal Zone: Coastal processes. Landforms of erosion, transportation and deposition. Erosion and its management. Reasons for rising sea levels. Social, environmental, economic and political effects of sea level rise. Coastal ecosystems.

July of Year 10: Swanage residential field trip.

Year 11

1: Controlled assessment coursework project: based on the residential field trip to Swanage.
2: Population Change: Why is world population growing much more rapidly than in the past? Why is world population growing exponentially today? Understanding birth and death rates. Understanding population pyramids. Why population is falling in some countries. The demographic transition model. Factors affecting the rate of population growth in different countries. Examples of birth control programmes. Issues and opportunities of an ageing population. Reasons for and effects of international migration.
3: Tourism: Why has global tourism grown? The importance of tourism to the economy of different countries. Coastal resort tourism in the UK. Mass tourism in tropical countries. Extreme tourism in polar environments. The benefits of ecotourism.
4: GCSE Revision.

Examination Board

AQA GCSE Geography specification A (www.aqa.org).

% Components

Unit 1 exam: Physical Geography. 1 hour and 30 minutes exam. 37.5% of grade.
Unit 2 exam: Human Geography. 1 hour and 30 minutes exam. 37.5% of grade.
(Both exams are taken at the end of Year 11).
Unit 3: Controlled assessment coursework fieldwork project (25% of grade).

Key Stage 5

Information

We follow the Edexcel A Level syllabus. There is residential field trip to Norfolk in Year 12 as well as a field studies day to London.

The study of Geography has never been more relevant than it is today. You’ll learn about some of the key issues facing our world that we read about in the papers, such as exponential world population growth, migration and immigration, more frequent extreme weather, and conflicts over energy and water supplies.

The subject is broadly split into two areas: Human Geography and Physical Geography. Human Geography deals with how people and the environment interact and the way we both exist. It also looks at how people and groups move and live in the world around us. Physical Geography on the other hand is all about the scientific aspects of our world, with an emphasis on how we can manage them. However, at A Level there is a strong synoptic element to the course, where students are expected to make links between all the topics studied to answer questions in depth.

What will I study?

The Edexcel syllabus has been developed in consultation with the Royal Geographical Society and the Geographical Association. It encourages independent study, giving students the skills that employers and universities look for.

Year 12 (AS Level)

Unit 1: ‘Global Challenges’.
World at Risk: What are the main types of physical risk facing the world today?
Going Global: What is globalisation and how is it changing people’s lives?

Unit 2: ‘Geographical Investigations’.
Rebranding Places: What is rebranding and why is it needed in some places more than others?
Crowded Coasts: Why is the coastal zone so favoured for development and what are the issues surrounding this?

Year 13 (A2 Level)

Unit 3: ‘Contested Planet’.
Six compulsory study units:
- Energy Security
- Water Conflicts
- Biodiversity Under Threat
- Superpower Geographies
- Bridging the Development Gap
- The Technological Fix?

Unit 4: ‘Geographical Research’.
Students select from one of the following research options:
- Tectonic activity and hazards.
- Cold environments: landscapes and change.
- Life on the margins: the food supply problem.
- The world of cultural diversity.
- Population and human health at risk.
- Consuming the rural landscape: Leisure and tourism.

Examination Board

Edexcel

% Components

Unit 1 Global Challenges: 1 hour and 30 minutes exam, 30% of A Level.
Unit 2 Geographical Investigations: 1 hour and 15 minutes exam, 20% of A Level.
Unit 3 Contested Planet: 2 hours and 30 minutes exam, 30% of A Level.
Unit 4 Geographical Research: 1 hour and 30 minutes exam, 20% of A Level.

Additional Information

What skills will I develop?

Geography helps students develop a number of key skills highly valued by employers: undertaking research and analysis; report writing; decision-making; using ICT and using geographical information systems (GIS); teamwork on practical projects; investigating global issues.

Where will success in Geography take me?

People who study Geography and related subjects at A Level or at university go onto many different types of career, for example chartered surveying, natural resource exploration, town and transport planning, land and water management, environmental consultancy, tourism, conservation, project management, advertising, housing and social welfare roles as well as the IT and financial sectors.

Extra-Curricular Activities

Students have the opportunity to attend the following Geography trips:

GCSE Geography residential field trip to Swanage in Year 10
A Level Geography residential field trip to Norfolk in Year 12
A Level Geography day field trip to London in Year 12
A Level Geography day field trip to a renewable energy centre in Year 13.